عنوان مقاله [English]
the Islamic state is based on revelation-based thought or action, or more precisely, based on the interpretation of revelation. Hence, the recognition and evaluation of various theories about the state in Islam is a set of interpretations, each of which has a certain structure and speaks of certain functions and achievements. Now, the fundamental question of this research is the role and function of government in Shiite Imams' political theory. The present research hypothesis is that in the Shi'a's view, any government in the absence of time is illegitimate and must go to a comprehensive jurisprudence to resolve some of its affairs. This issue has led Shiite jurisprudents, while adhering to the fundamental principles of the Shi'a, regarding the Imamate and the leadership of the society, in certain circumstances, permit the cooperation and acceptance of the responsibility of the sultans, in spite of the illegitimate perception of the monarchy, the execution of a part of Soltani's orders under the titles of adoration To legitimize or maintain the system. In this research, the method of historical research (inductive) has been used, which seeks to explain the historical reasoning of the subject, observing the trusted and preserving of scientific principles, and also with an objective look at the events and events of the historical documentary that are presented in the documents and historical sources Pay.
Key words: government, Islam, political theory, Shiite Imamiyah, Safavid, Qajar.