عنوان مقاله [English]
Looking at contemporary Iranian history, the role played by social forces, including intellectuals, in the course of Iran's political and social developments, illustrates the fundamental changes in the political-historical foundations and substructures. One of the fundamental developments at this point is the emergence of intellectual currents called modernism or religious modernity. But the present study, due to the the importance of the emergence of religious intellectualism and modernity and its role in the evolution of Iranian history, has investigated the political-social ideas of intellectuals and the position of Islam, in interaction with Western modernity in the attitude of religious modernists, therefore the purpose of the present study is to answer the question, what are the characteristics of the interaction of religion and modern sciences and the phenomenon of modernity in the political and social attitude of the intellectuals of this period? The results of the present study in research of the political-religious discourse of intellectuals such as Shariati and Bazargan, indicate a close interaction between these two categories in the religious intellectuals, So that Islam, in relation to new scientific concepts, is defined as a comprehensive ideology, with broad social functions and as an impartible element of Islamic theory, in intellectuals opinion.